Matthew Carter, probably one of the most notable typographers living today, was just awarded a 2010 MacArthur Fellow.
The MacArthur Fellows Program awards fellowships to talented individuals who have shown extraordinary originality and dedication in their creative pursuits and a marked capacity for self-direction. There are three criteria for selection of Fellows: exceptional creativity, promise for important future advances based on a track record of significant accomplishment, and potential for the fellowship to facilitate subsequent creative work.
Read more about MacArthur Fellows here.
And type designer Matthew Carter here.